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15 Facts About Giant Anteaters

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Giant anteaters, found in Central and South America, are truly unique creatures. With their long snouts, shaggy fur, and long tongues, they have a very distinctive appearance unlike any other animal. Here are 15 fascinating facts about these unusual mammals:


The giant anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla) is an insectivorous mammal native to Central and South America. They are mostly found in grasslands and rainforests. With their long tongues and sharp claws, giant anteaters have adapted to feed primarily on ants and termites by slurping them up with their sticky saliva.

Though strange-looking, giant anteaters play an important role in their ecosystems and have some surprising abilities. Read on to learn more about these captivating animals!

Facts About Giant Anteaters

  1. Size: Giant anteaters can grow over 7 feet long from head to tail and weigh over 140 pounds. This makes them the largest of the four anteater species.
  2. Diet: Giant anteaters are specialized to eat ants and termites almost exclusively. Using their long tongues, they can consume tens of thousands of insects every day.
  3. Tongue: Their tongues can grow over 2 feet long – the longest tongue relative to the body size of any mammal. Their tongues are also covered with tiny hooks to lap up insects.
  4. Digging: Giant anteaters’ large curved claws on their front feet allow them to easily break open insect mounds and nests. They can dig faster than many shovelers!
  5. Fur: Their shaggy fur coats have bold patterns with distinctive markings in black, gray, and white. No two giant anteaters have the same fur patterns.
  6. Defense: When threatened, anteaters can be fierce fighters. They use their large claws to defend themselves and can even fatally wound predators like jaguars and pumas.
  7. Speed: Despite their lumbering appearance, giant anteaters can run up to 30 mph in short bursts to catch prey or escape threats. Their tails act as balances when running.
  8. Habitat: Giant anteaters live in a variety of dry and wet habitats including rainforests, savannas, and grasslands, usually close to ant or termite mounds.
  9. Solitary: They are loners by nature and are only with others briefly to mate. Females give birth to a single pup which then hitches a ride on its mother’s back.
  10. Endangered: Due to habitat loss, hunting, and road mortality, giant anteaters are classified as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
  11. Weird: Giant anteaters have the lowest body temperature of any mammal, fluctuating between 32-35°C (90-95°F). This may be an adaptation to conserve energy.
  12. Vocalizations: They have an array of snorts, grunts, and bellows used to communicate different messages to others. Mother-pup pairs have special vocalizations.
  13. Lifespan: In the wild giant anteaters live around 12-15 years. In captivity some have reached over 25 years old.
  14. Taxonomy: There are just four living anteater species today on two continents. Despite some similarities, anteaters are not closely related to armadillos, sloths or aardvarks.
  15. Name: Their scientific name Myrmecophaga tridactyla means “ant-eater” with “three fingers” – referring to their distinct three-toed feet.


With their immense tongues, formidable claws, unique fur, and speedy sprints, giant anteaters are truly remarkable creatures. They play an important ecological role in their environments by regulating insect populations. Though they appear ungainly, giant anteaters have adapted well to their specialized lifestyle. However, habitat loss and hunting still threaten these captivating animals. Increased conservation efforts are needed to ensure giant anteaters can continue thriving for years to come.

Key Facts in a Table

SizeUp to 7 ft long, 140 lbs
DietAnts, termites
TongueOver 2 ft long
DiggingLarge curved claws
FurBold black, gray & white patterns
DefenseCan fatally wound predators
SpeedRun 30 mph in bursts
HabitatGrasslands to rainforests
Social LifeSolitary except when mating/rearing young
Conservation StatusVulnerable
Body Temperature32-35°C / 90-95°F
VocalizationsSnorts, grunts, bellows
Lifespan12-15 years (25 in captivity)
Taxonomy4 living species, not closely related to armadillos/sloths/aardvarks
Name Meaning“Ant-eater” with “three fingers”

By using formatting like lists, bolded words, tables, and short informative paragraphs, this article aims to highlight some of the most fascinating facts about giant anteaters in an easy to digest manner. Their unique adaptations and abilities make them truly wondrous creatures. Hopefully this provided some new appreciation for these unusual animals of Central and South America!

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