Bambusa oldhamii form

12 Fascinating Facts About Bambusa

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Bambusa is a genus of giant tropical clumping bamboos native to Asia. Often called “timber” or “giant” bamboo, Bambusa species are among the largest bamboos, with some varieties growing over 100 ft (30 m) tall!

Bambusa is an incredibly useful, sustainable, and versatile plant. Read on for 12 fascinating facts about this incredible grass.

Bambusa Grows Extremely Quickly

One of the most astonishing facts about Bambusa is its growth rate. Many species can grow over 3 ft (1 m) in just a single day under ideal conditions!

This unmatched growth speed makes bamboo one of the most sustainable resources on the planet. A bamboo forest can be harvested and replenished much more rapidly than slow-growing trees.

Stronger Than Concrete or Steel

Despite its grass-like appearance, mature bamboo is incredibly strong with a higher tensile strength than many alloys of steel.

Bamboo has been used to reinforce concrete structures for centuries in Asia. The fibrous stalks increase the durability and longevity of buildings.

Bambusa Is Naturally Antibacterial

The plant contains a compound called “bamboo kun” that gives it powerful antibacterial and antimicrobial properties.

This allows bamboo to thrive without pesticides while also being naturally resistant to bacteria, viruses, and fungi after harvesting.

Ideal for Construction and Furniture

The Bambusa stalk consists of segmented sections of woody fiber that make it easily workable using basic tools.

Bamboo is a common building material across Asia for scaffolding, housing, flooring and furniture. It can be bent, shaped and joined in endless ways.

Edible Shoots Packed With Nutrients

The new shoots of many Bambusa species are edible and extremely nutritious. They are rich in amino acids, vitamins, and minerals like potassium, magnesium, and manganese.

Bamboo shoots should always be cooked before eating to remove toxins. They are delicious stir-fried, boiled, pickled, or fermented.

Used to Make Textiles and Paper

The fibers extracted from bamboo stalks can make exceptionally soft, breathable fabrics. Bamboo textiles have natural moisture-wicking and antimicrobial properties.

Bamboo is also an excellent source of pulp for paper and cardboard products. It yields far more pulp per acre than timber.

Ideal for Biofuel Production

As one of the fastest growing plants producing massive amounts of biomass, bamboo makes an excellent source of biofuel.

Converting bamboo to bio-oil or syngas can produce over 10 times more energy per acre than most conventional biofuel crops.

Crucial Watershed Protection

Bamboo has an unrivaled ability to prevent soil erosion, especially on steep slopes and riverbanks.

The extensive root structures bind soil while the canopy helps regulate water flow. This prevents landslides, silting, and flooding downstream.

Bamboo Charcoal Absorbs Toxins

Heating bamboo in a low-oxygen environment produces bamboo charcoal, an incredibly porous substance used to filter water and absorb odors and toxins.

Bamboo charcoal is antimicrobial and excellent at absorbing excess moisture, making it perfect for household products.

The Tallest Grasses on Earth

The tallest documented grasses on Earth are giant bamboos native to China and India that can grow over 130 ft (40 m) tall.

Some accounts of Bambusa species report heights of nearly 160 ft (50 m), but these records are unverified.

Naturally Resilient and Hardy

Bamboo possesses exceptional resilience and survivability. It was the first plant to regrow after the atomic bombing of Hiroshima.

Bamboo can tolerate extreme heat, cold, drought, storms, and pests. It has survived and thrived for millennia with no human care.

Used to Make Musical Instruments

Bamboo’s resonant hollow stalks produce clear tones when cut into tubes. Bamboo is used to make many classic wind and percussion instruments.

The diverse textures, densities, and sizes of bamboo species allow instrument makers to create all kinds of traditional and modern designs.

With its unrivaled growth rate, hardiness, and countless uses, Bambusa bamboo is one of most sustainable, resilient, and remarkable plants on the planet.


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